Kingdom: Animalia 2. Brunswick stew) found in cookbooks, including James Beard's American Cookery and pre-1997 copies of The Joy of Cooking.  This is evidenced by a number of recipes for its preparation (e.g. In western parts of the state, the doctors found a greatly elevated human incidence of Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, a rarely seen but serious prion-based disorder that causes dementia and eventual death.  The Trinity Bellwoods neighborhood of Toronto, Ontario is locally known for white squirrel sightings.  Evidence also shows that gray squirrels are vectors of the squirrel parapoxvirus for which no vaccine is currently available, and which is deadly to red squirrels but does not seem to affect the non-native host. Dens are preferred for over-wintering and for brood chambers, but nests are (with constant maintenance) very weather proof and sturdy habitations. The body of a gray squirrel was once even found in the stomach of a large mouth bass! The gray squirrel is found in every county and was adopted as the state mammal in 1969. user = "dys100"; , Other university campuses that have albino squirrel populations include Oberlin College in Ohio, Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, Western Kentucky University in Bowling Green, Kentucky (which has had a population of albino squirrels since the 1960s), and Youngstown State University in Youngstown, Ohio. Only 25% of gray squirrels survive their first year. Scientific name: Sciurus carolinensis The second mating occurs in the late spring or early summer and results in a "summer born" litter that developed quickly to be fully weaned and independent by the winter. The back hairs of the squirrel tend to be darker and its belly hairs tend to be lighter in color. In 2007 in the northern New Jersey community of Ringwood, the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services issued a warning to anyone who eats squirrel (especially for children and pregnant women) to limit their consumption after a lead-contaminated squirrel was found near the Ringwood Mines Landfill.  Toxic waste had been illegally dumped at this location for many years, before authorities cracked down on this practice in the 1980s. , Along with Olney, there are four other towns in North America that avidly compete with each other to be the official "Home of the White Squirrel", namely: Marionville, Missouri; Brevard, North Carolina; Exeter, Ontario; and Kenton, Tennessee, each of which holds an annual white squirrel festival, among other things designed to promote their claim of "White Squirrel Capital". Habitat: This is a forest squirrel that needs trees, but can easily adapt to suburban neighborhoods as well as pristine woodlots. This is the essential calorie source needed for the seasonal buildup of over-wintering fat and also represents an ideal storage food product for the long winter season. , Squirrels are often the cause of power outages. Trees for Life is a registered Scottish charity – number SC021303. Although squirrel meat is low in fat content, unlike most game meat it has been found by the American Heart Association to be high in cholesterol.. Gray squirrels are diurnal animals. "Debunking the Albino Squirrel: Lack of white, pink-eyed critters on campus may disprove superstition" by Hudson Lockett. Description Top of page.  In Europe during the Middle Ages, squirrels were sometimes used in bestiaries as symbols of greed and avarice on account of their storing of nuts, but, in the nineteenth century, British natural history books often praised them as thrifty for this same reason. Gray squirrels can mate twice a year of food is very abundant.  Effective baits include fruit, peanut butter, nuts, seeds and vanilla extract. In South Dakota you may find the Eastern Gray Squirrel along the eastern border of the state; the Red Squirrel in the far west; and the Northern Flying Squirrel in parts of the Black Hills.  They can be trained to be hand-fed and will take as much food as is available because they cache the surplus. It is native to eastern North America, where it is the most prodigious and ecologically essential natural forest regenerator.  There are other humane techniques to remove squirrels from buildings, but removal is ineffective unless steps are taken to prevent them from immediately breaking in again. and measures from 8 1/2 in. Scientific Name: Paraxerus cepapi Weight: 200 grams (male will be slightly heavier) Size: 35 cm long (tail is about half the length) General habitat: Savanna woodlands, Aboreal (living in holes in trees) Diet: Mainly herbivorous – seeds, flowers, nuts etc. In residential neighborhoods, they are notorious for tenaciously trying to circumvent obstacles in order to eat from bird feeders. ... Scientific name: Sciurus granatensis. ", A story in which a Nāga shapeshifts into a white or albino squirrel, is killed by a hunter, and is magically transformed into meat equal to 8,000 cartloads figures prominently in the folklore of rocket festival traditions and the origin of Nong Han Kumphawapi Lake in Northeast Thailand.. It is found in a great variety of woodland, parkland and suburban and even urban habitats.  University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire has a significant white squirrel population both on the campus and in other areas of the city of Eau Claire. In fact, tree squirrel is a common name of several other squirrels, among them fox squirrels, gray squirrels, flying squirrels, and pine squirrels are some examples. Squirrels are generally inquisitive and persistent animals. The following genera of the squirrel family are classified as tree squirrels.. Burgeson, John, "White squirrels return to the area", p A9, August 13, 2010, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Electrical disruptions caused by squirrels, New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Crimebusters + Crossed Wires: Stories from This American Life, "Tree Squirrels > Damage Prevention and Control Measures", "Controlling Tree Squirrels in Urban Areas", "Suicide squirrels driving utilities nuts", "Squirrel blamed for accident: Couple struck head-on after woman swerves to avoid animal", "Driver says squirrels made him crash into garage", "Confused squirrel causes three-car accident", "Swerving can be worse than hitting animal on road", "U.N.I.S. A company limited by guarantee, registered in Scotland – company No. It weighs no more than 2 or 3 oz. Tree Squirrel. They include over a hundred arboreal species native to all continents except Antarctica and Oceania. Note the pink eyes. Thank you for visiting Penn State New Kensington. Red squirrels in Tobago are smaller than elsewhere in the world. A white squirrel. , In regions where squirrels are plentiful, tire-flattened roadkill is a common sight on roadways, especially in the spring and fall, when there is a fresh crop of young rodents. This page was last updated on  Squirrel meat can be substituted for rabbit or chicken in many recipes, though it may have a gamey taste if handled improperly. , Small tree-dwelling mammals that are members of the squirrel family (Sciuridae). ", As with other wild game and fish species, the consumption of squirrels that have been exposed to high levels of pollution or toxic waste poses a health risk to humans. Their characteristic gnawing trait also aids in maintaining sharp teeth, and because their teeth grow continuously, prevents their over-growth. It provides a way for squirrels to cross a busy street safely. They often treat exposed power cables as tree branches, and gnaw on the electrical insulation. One of the ways that squirrels affect human society is inspired by the fascination that people seem to have over local populations of white squirrels (often misidentified as being albino). The genus name, Sciurus, is derived from two Greek words, skia, meaning shadow, and oura, meaning tail.This name may have originated because the squirrel sits in the shadow of its big bushy tail. For this reason alone, squirrel nests inside buildings cannot be safely ignored. The impact of disease and debilitation (tooth loss, cataracts, parasites etc) slow down older individuals just enough to compromise their ability to survive. Though the population has dramatically decreased, they remain listed on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern. In some places, this species has also been known as the silver-gray squirrel, the California gray squirrel, the Oregon gray … Fox squirrels are widely found in eastern North America. If they touch a high voltage conductor and a grounded portion of the enclosure at the same time, they are electrocuted, and often cause a short circuit that shuts down equipment. These squirrels have the right of way on all streets in the town, with a $500 fine for hitting one. Special measures are in place to contain and remove any infiltration of gray squirrels into these areas.  Additionally, the novelty of a meat considered unusual or special has contributed to the spread of squirrel consumption. Most hairs on a "gray" squirrel, in fact, are banded with all three colors but are tipped with whitish ends that generate the "gray" illusion. , For most of the history of the United Kingdom, squirrel has been a meat not commonly eaten, and even scorned by many. Subfamilies: Callosciurinae (Southern Asian tree squirrels), Ratufinae (giant tree squirrels), Sciurillinae (South American pygmy squirrels), Sciurinae (includes flying squirrels), Xerinae (includes ground squirrels) 8. Tree squirrels may bury food in the ground for later retrieval. Gray squirrels do not hibernate but instead rely on their fat reserves and cached mast stores to survive the long, cold winters. , Trapping is often necessary to remove squirrels from residential structures. What does the scientific name mean? The squirrel family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels, chipmunks, marmots (including groundhogs), flying squirrels, and prairie dogs amongst other rodents. 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