, The Channel Islands fall into two separate self-governing bailiwicks, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey. It allows the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) to participate in the Internal Market on the basis of their application of Internal Market relevant acquis. They make up 99% of the population and 92% of the area. The Jersey cricket team and the Guernsey cricket team are both associate members of the International Cricket Council. The names of the larger islands in the archipelago in general have the -ey suffix, whilst those of the smaller ones have the -hou suffix. Three additional countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein), although not officially part of the European Union, are signatories to the European Economic Area (EEA). In recognition for all the help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the 1640s, Charles II gave George Carteret, Bailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies, which he promptly named New Jersey, now part of the United States of America. There were probably some Celtic Britons who settled on the Islands in the 5th and 6th centuries AD (the indigenous Celts of Great Britain, and the ancestors of the modern Welsh, Cornish, and Bretons) who had emigrated from Great Britain in the face of invading Anglo-Saxons. Bicycles display tax discs. 2) The above statement implies that products that have been on the market or in service in any of the following areas, before the implementation of a directive, are excluded from The legal courts are separate; separate courts of appeal have been in place since 1961.  Later, Russians and Central Europeans[who?] . A bailiwick is a territory administered by a bailiff. This update can change over time so it is important to understand if any EEA country changes affect your immigration status or change how you would normally qualify to work under EEA country rules for you and especially your non-EEA family members. , Various attempts to transfer the islands from the diocese of Coutances (to Nantes (1400), Salisbury (1496), and Winchester (1499)) had little effect until an Order in Council of 1569 brought the islands formally into the diocese of Winchester. Providers include Sure and JT. The lowest point is the English Channel (sea level). The German garrison in Alderney was left until 16 May, and it was one of the last of the Nazi German remnants to surrender. Evidence for Roman settlement is sparse, although evidently the islands were visited by Roman officials and traders. Code for developers. The Isle of Wight, for example, is not a "Channel Island", despite being located in the Channel. Systems Status. In 1066, William II of Normandy invaded and conquered England, becoming William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror. The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century. Their numbers have been reinforced by recent migrants from Poland and elsewhere in Eastern Europe.  Many land mines were laid, with 65,718 land mines laid in Jersey alone.. Modern broadband speeds are available in all the islands, including VDSL for home and business. The EEA extends the single market to all 31 member states and allows nationals of participating countries to travel freely between them. The German occupation of 1940–45 was harsh: over 2,000 Islanders were deported by the Germans, some Jews were sent to concentration camps; partisan resistance and retribution, accusations of collaboration, and slave labour also occurred. This article is about the Crown dependencies. Although the words derive from a common root ('bail' = 'to give charge of') there is a vast difference between the meanings of the word 'bailiff' in Great Britain and in the Channel Islands; a bailiff in Britain is a court-appointed private debt-collector authorised to collect judgment debts, in the Channel Islands, the Bailiff in each bailiwick is the civil head, presiding officer of the States, and also head of the judiciary, and thus the most important citizen in the bailiwick. At the Reformation, the previously Roman Catholic islands converted to Calvinism under the influence of an influx of French-language pamphlets published in Geneva. Among the legal heritage from Norman law is the Clameur de haro. Introduction. , The annual "Muratti", the inter-island football match, is considered the sporting event of the year, although, due to broadcast coverage, it no longer attracts the crowds of spectators, travelling between the islands, that it did during the twentieth century. The population of Sark largely remained where they were; but in Alderney, all but six people left. The Channel Islands are not represented in the UK Parliament. The following states are EU applicants and may become EU members in the future: Switzerland is a member of EFTA but is not a member of the EEA. Many of the evacuees who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after five years of separation. The following countries are part of the European Economic Area (EEA): - The Netherlands - Bulgaria - Romania - Belgium - Luxembourg - France - Germany - Italy - Ireland - Denmark - Greece - Spain - Portugal - Austria - Finland - Sweden - Cyprus - Estonia - Hungary - Latvia - Lithuania - Malta - Poland - Slovenia - Slovakia - Czech Republic The European Economic Area (EEA) was established via the Agreement on the European Economic Area, an international agreement which enables the extension of the European Union's single market to member states of the European Free Trade Association. For the most part the islands legislate for themselves. , The islands acquired commercial and political interests in the North American colonies. , Both bailiwicks issue their own banknotes and coins, which circulate freely in all the islands alongside UK coinage and Bank of England and Scottish banknotes.. The islands' bailiffs, however, still retain their historic roles. continued the work. Moreover, much of the population of military age had joined the British Army already. 1) Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. There are three airports in the Channel Islands; Alderney Airport, Guernsey Airport and Jersey Airport, which are directly connected to each other by services operated by Blue Islands and Aurigny.  Historically Guernsey's horticultural and greenhouse activities have been more significant than in Jersey, and Guernsey has maintained light industry as a higher proportion of its economy than Jersey. The Channel Islands and the European Union. The Agreement creating the European Economic Area (EEA) entered into force on 1 January 1994. Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to … Software version: EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. Switzerland is not an EU member nor a signatory to the EEA, but they have transposed the Medical Devices Directives into their national law and these countries require CE Marking. Legal notice. The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. Islanders became involved with the Newfoundland fisheries in the seventeenth century. Services are held in a number of languages. The systems of government in the islands date from Norman times, which accounts for the names of the legislatures, the States, derived from the Norman 'États' or 'estates' (i.e. Guernsey is the setting of Hugo's later novel Les Travailleurs de la Mer (Toilers of the Sea). The islands were invaded by the French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345. Many Spaniards, initially refugees from the Spanish Civil War, were brought to the islands to build fortifications. The European Economic Area (EEA) comprises the countries of the European Union (EU), plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway and was established on 1 January 1994.. They are located just off the coast of France, in the English Channel. For the archipelago off the coast of California, see, Satellite photo of the Channel Islands in 2018, UK Supreme Court, R (on the application of Barclay and another) v. Secretary of State for Justice  UKSC 54, List of islands of the Bailiwick of Guernsey, Channel Islands in the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, minor counties of English and Welsh cricket, List of churches, chapels and meeting halls in the Channel Islands, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Fact sheet on the UK's relationship with the Crown Dependencies", Bertrand du Guesclin: The Black Dog of Brittany, "Appendix F: Concentration Camps: Endlösung – The Final Solution", "Aurigny; un camp de concentration nazi sur une île anglo-normande (English: Alderney, a Nazi concentration camp on an island Anglo-Norman)", "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945 – May 1945", "Public Hearing: Review of the Roles of the Crown Officers", "Review of the Roles of the Jersey Crown Officers", "Background briefing on the Crown Dependencies: Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man", "Guernsey and Jersey begin recruiting for senior Brussels positions", "Jersey Economy 2020, CIA World Factbook", "Measuring Jersey's economy GVA and GDP - 2018", "Gross Value Added and Gross Domestic Product", "Guernsey Annual GVA and GDP Bulletin 2018 (First Estimates)", "Other British Islands' Notes | Bank of England", "New Channel Island company offers freight service", "Channel Isles: The Islands' Domain Names :: Home", "Trail of the unexpected: Victor Hugo’s Guernsey", "Minor Counties Trophy Matches played by Channel Islands", "First ever Jersey official religion statistics show 39% of islanders are non-religious", "This is the eighth part of a 54-page article", British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Guernsey Grammar School and Sixth Form Centre, Policy and Resources Committee of Guernsey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Channel_Islands&oldid=993204012, Special territories of the European Union, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2015, Articles with French-language sources (fr), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Little Swinge (between Burhou and Les Nannels), La Déroute (between Jersey and Sark, and Jersey and the Cotentin), Souachehouais (between Le Rigdon and L'Étacq, Jersey). Edward III of England granted a Charter in July 1341 to Jersey, Guernsey, Sark and Alderney, confirming their customs and laws to secure allegiance to the English Crown. In the period 1204–1214, King John lost the Angevin lands in northern France, including mainland Normandy, to King Philip II of France, but managed to retain control of the Channel Islands. , Cricket is popular in the Channel Islands. However, during the transition period EU law continues to apply. The teams have played each other in the inter-insular match since 1957. Although there are a few pan-island institutions (such as the Channel Islands office to the EU in Brussels, which is actually a joint venture between the bailiwicks), these tend to be established structurally as equal projects between Guernsey and Jersey. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements. It includes the Azores, Madeira ( Portugal ), the Ǻland islands ( Finland ), the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla ( Spain ) and the French overseas departments. Now, Croatia has submitted an application to participate. This has been ascribed to a range of factors including the physical separation of the Islands, the density of troops (up to one German for every two Islanders), the small size of the Islands precluding any hiding places for resistance groups, and the absence of the Gestapo from the occupying forces. Submarine cables connect the various islands and provide connectivity with England and France. Under Protocol 3, the Islands are part of the Customs Union and can trade in goods and agricultural products as if …  The first evacuees returned on the first sailing from Great Britain on 23 June, but the people of Alderney were unable to start returning until December 1945. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy and, although they are not part of the United Kingdom, the UK is responsible for the defence and international relations of the islands. € – Eurozone. Anglicanism was imposed in the seventeenth century, but the Non-Conformist local tendency returned with a strong adoption of Methodism. A similar thing with Greenland and the Faroes which are neither part of the EU even though they are Danish autonomous dependencies. In simple terms, the Island is treated as part of the European Community or EU market for the purposes of free trade in goods, but otherwise is not a part of the EU. Creative commons license. Sark in the 16th century was uninhabited until colonised from Jersey in the 1560s. The very large tidal variation provides an environmentally rich inter-tidal zone around the islands, and some islands such as Burhou, the Écréhous, and the Minquiers have been designated Ramsar sites. … The British Government demilitarised the islands in June 1940, and the lieutenant-governors were withdrawn on 21 June, leaving the insular administrations to continue government as best they could under impending military occupation.. In 933, the islands were granted to William I Longsword by Raoul King of Western Francia and annexed to the Duchy of Normandy. The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. According to 2015 statistics, 39% of the population was non-religious.. Switzerland is a member of EFTA but is not a member of the EEA. The above statement implies that products that have been on the market or in service in any of the following areas, before the implementation of a directive, are excluded from  Each island has its own primary legislature, known as the States of Guernsey and the States of Jersey, with Chief Pleas in Sark and the States of Alderney. The Agreement on the EEA entered into force on 1 January 1994. Control by the bishop of Winchester was ineffectual as the islands had turned overwhelmingly Calvinist and the episcopacy was not restored until 1620 in Jersey and 1663 in Guernsey. scope. In the sixth century, they were already included in the diocese of Coutances where they remained until the Reformation. :158 The term refers only to the archipelago to the west of the Cotentin Peninsula. Usually, an Act gives power to extend its application to the islands by an Order in Council, after consultation. The EEA links the EU member states and three EFTA states (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) into an internal market governed by the same basic …  On 20 September, it was announced that Channel Island Lines would continue this service, and would purchase the MV Huelin Dispatch from Associated British Ports who in turn had purchased them from the receiver in the bankruptcy. Even though Switzerland is not an EEA member, its citizens enjoy similar benefits in the UK.  Guernsey had a GDP of £3.2 billion in 2018 and with a stable population of around 66,000 has had a steadily rising GDP which in 2018 passed £52,000. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy and, although they are not part of the United Kingdom, the UK is responsible f… In the sixth century, Christian missionaries visited the islands. There was no resistance movement in the Channel Islands on the scale of that in mainland France. , Victor Hugo spent many years in exile, first in Jersey and then in Guernsey, where he finished Les Misérables. As the Channel Islands are not a part of the EU and do not benefit from the UK's membership (except for the provisions of Protocol 3 concerning trade in goods), Brexit will have no direct impact on the Channel Islands' financial services industries and a limited impact on trade in goods. Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule.  The young King Richard II of England reconfirmed in 1378 the Charter rights granted by his grandfather, followed in 1394 with a second Charter granting, because of great loyalty shown to the Crown, exemption for ever, from English tolls, customs and duties. The Channel islands, Isle of Man, Gibraltar and numerous other places are British crown dependendancies and therefore not part of the UK. They have a combined population of approximately 165,000, and a combined GDP of approximately £6.2billion. While they are popular with visitors from France, Channel Islanders rarely visit them as there are no direct transport links from the other islands. It seeks to strengthen trade and … It is neither part of the EU, nor the EEA, but it has a free movement agreement with the EU and EEA Does free movement also apply to more remote parts of EU member states?  Sir Edmund Andros of Guernsey was an early colonial governor in North America, and head of the short-lived Dominion of New England.. The Duchy of Normandy. In 1259, his successor, Henry III of England, by the Treaty of Paris, officially surrendered his claim and title to the Duchy of Normandy, while the King of France gave up claim to the Channel Islands, which was based upon his position as feudal overlord of the Duke of Normandy. Jersey always operated its own telephone services independently of Britain's national system, Guernsey established its own telephone service in 1968. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm and some smaller islands. It is responsible for wireless telegraphy licensing throughout the islands, and by agreement, for broadcasting regulation in the two large islands only. Many of the town domiciles existing today were built in that time. The earliest evidence of human occupation of the Channel Islands has been dated to 250,000 years ago when they were attached to the landmass of continental Europe. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. Here you can find the main text of the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA), as well as updated versions of all Annexes and Protocols. …  The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the European Union. The EEA is composed of all EU members states as well as the following: Iceland. :5–10 Jersey was occupied by the French in 1461 as part of an exchange of helping the Lancastrians fight against the Yorkists during The War of the Roses.  Since the 1990s, declining profitability of agriculture and tourism has challenged the governments of the islands. The two major islands are Jersey and Guernsey. From the beginning of the ninth century, Norse raiders appeared on the coasts. Today there are three working railways in the Channel Islands, of which the Alderney Railway is the only one providing a regular timetabled passenger service. These are believed to be from the Old Norse ey (island) and holmr (islet). In September 2010, a Channel Islands Brussels Office was set up jointly by the two Bailiwicks to develop the Channel Islands' influence with the EU, to advise the Channel Islands' governments on European matters, and to promote economic links with the EU.. Below is a list of all EEA countries that are all part of the freedom of movement for workers. The two Bailiwicks each have their own internet domain, .GG (Guernsey, Alderney, Sark) and .JE (Jersey), which are managed by channelisles.net. Chausey is referred to as an 'Île normande' (as opposed to anglo-normande). The islands are not part of the United Kingdom or European Union, but rather are possessions of the British Crown with independent administrations. , Tourism is still important however, Jersey and Guernsey have, since the 1960s, become major offshore financial centres. The Chausey Islands south of Jersey are not generally included in the geographical definition of the Channel Islands but are occasionally described in English as 'French Channel Islands' in view of their French jurisdiction. EEA students can take part in the same UK programs as EU students. EEA is short for European Economic Area. In the 1960s, names used for the cross-Channel ferries plying the mail route between the islands and Weymouth, Dorset, were taken from the popular Latin names for the islands: Caesarea (Jersey), Sarnia (Guernsey) and Riduna (Alderney). The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature. The grant of seigneurship from Elizabeth I of England in 1565 forms the basis of Sark's constitution today. There are several local newspapers including the Guernsey Press and the Jersey Evening Post and magazines. In 2001 and 2002, the Channel Islands entered a team into the MCCA Knockout Trophy, the one-day tournament of the minor counties of English and Welsh cricket. These services are provided by BBC Radio Jersey, BBC Radio Guernsey, BBC Channel Islands, ITV Channel Television, Island FM, and Channel 103. The numerous dolmens and other archaeological sites extant and recorded in history demonstrate the existence of a population large enough and organised enough to undertake constructions of considerable size and sophistication, such as the burial mound at La Hougue Bie in Jersey or the statue menhirs of Guernsey. The Roman name for the Channel Islands was I. Lenuri (Lenur Islands) and is included in the Peutinger Table:4 The traditional Latin names used for the islands (Caesarea for Jersey, Sarnia for Guernsey, Riduna for Alderney) derive (possibly mistakenly) from the Antonine Itinerary. Each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands' legislatures are in regular contact). In 1483 a Papal bull decreed that the islands would be neutral during time of war. Liechtenstein. Occupational exposure limit (OEL) values are derived within two legal frameworks that form an integral part of the EU’s mechanism for protecting the health of … Television programmes are broadcast from the Frémont Point transmitting station. They have a total population of about 170,499, and the bailiwicks' capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 18,207, respectively. Under the UK Interpretation Act 1978, the Channel Islands are deemed to be part of the British Islands, not to be confused with the British Isles. The term "Channel Islands" began to be used around 1830, possibly first by the Royal Navy as a collective name for the islands. , Channel Island sportsmen and women compete in the Commonwealth Games for their respective islands and the islands have also been enthusiastic supporters of the Island Games. Otherwise, entities proclaiming membership of both Guernsey and Jersey might in fact be from one bailiwick only, for instance the Channel Islands Securities Exchange is in Saint Peter Port (and therefore Guernsey). , The main islanders have traditional animal nicknames:. The 27 EU countries. The end of the occupation came after VE-Day on 8 May 1945, Jersey and Guernsey being liberated on 9 May. Engineered by: EEA Web Team. Only three of the four countries that belong to … It was retaken by the Yorkists in 1468. A local television service was called Channel Islands Live started transmitting in early 2016, from the studios at Dorset Street, St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands. This affected only a minority of islanders. Switzerland is neither an EU nor EEA member but is part of the single market – this means Swiss nationals have the same rights to live and work in the UK as other EEA nationals. The following states are "EU applicants" and may become EU members in … On 20 August 2013, Huelin-Renouf, which had operated a "lift-on lift-off" container service for 80 years between the Port of Southampton and the Port of Jersey, ceased trading. The Eionet core data flows page provides an overview of these data flows, which are a subset of the key data reported by EEA member and cooperating countries using the Reportnet tools. Samson of Dol, Helier, Marculf and Magloire are among saints associated with the islands.  Senator Alan Maclean, a Jersey politician, had previously tried to save the 90-odd jobs furnished by the company to no avail. The States have evolved over the centuries into democratic parliaments. Tourism 4.5% with agriculture contributing just 1.2% and manufacturing even lower at 1.1%. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. In Saint Peter Port, a large part of the harbour had been built by 1865. Fifty years later, the ferry route between the Channel Islands and the UK is operated by Condor Ferries from both St Helier, Jersey and St Peter Port, Guernsey, using high-speed catamaran fast craft to Poole in the UK. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (including Gibraltar, excluding the Channel Islands, BNO passport holders and Isle of Man) From 31 January 2020 the UK is no longer an EU/EEA member state. They were historically linked to the Duchy of Normandy, but they are part of the French territory along with continental Normandy, and not part of the British Isles or of the Channel Islands in a political sense. Download printable version. Switzerland is a member of EF TA but is not a member of the EEA. , Following the liberation of 1945, reconstruction led to a transformation of the economies of the islands, attracting immigration and developing tourism. In the early 21st century, the existence of governmental offices such as the bailiffs' with multiple roles straddling the different branches of government came under increased scrutiny for their apparent contravention of the doctrine of separation of powers—most notably in the Guernsey case of McGonnell -v- United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 289. 'Îles Normandes' and 'Archipel Normand' have also, historically, been used in Channel Island French to refer to the islands as a whole. The Channel Islands were a part of the Duchy of Normandy and among the possessions William the Conqueror brought with him when he became King of England in 1066. They are an incorporated part of the commune of Granville (Manche). Today, Evangelical churches have been established. Norway. , Guernsey's traditional colour for sporting and other purposes is green and Jersey's is red. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Jersey held out strongly for the Royalist cause, providing refuge for Charles, Prince of Wales in 1646 and 1649–1650, while the more strongly Presbyterian Guernsey more generally favoured the parliamentary cause (although Castle Cornet was held by Royalists and did not surrender until October 1651). Islanders are full British citizens, but were not classed as European citizens unless by descent from a UK national. European Economic Area EEA - Information about EEA Countries 6,600 out of 50,000 left Jersey while 17,000 out of 42,000 left Guernsey. Therefore EEA contains same countries as SEPA with the … You will also find other legal documents, such as all adopted Joint Committee Decisions and the EEA status of EU legal acts. Motorenbezeichnung mit Leistung; engine name and power, CE marking services for recreational craft. , Jersey has had a steadily rising population, increasing from below 90,000 in 2000 to over 105,000 in 2018 which combined with a flat GVA has resulted in GVA per head of population falling from £57,000 to £44,000 per person. In official Jersey French, the islands are called 'Îles de la Manche', while in France, the term 'Îles Anglo-normandes' (Anglo-Norman isles) is used to refer to the British 'Channel Islands' in contrast to other islands in the Channel.  The islands decided not to join the European Economic Community when the UK joined, and remain outside. :2–4 Owain Lawgoch, a mercenary leader of a Free Company in the service of the French Crown, attacked Jersey and Guernsey in 1372, and in 1373 Bertrand du Guesclin besieged Mont Orgueil. Common Agriculture and Fisheries Policies (although the Agreement contains provisions on various aspects of trade This privilege of neutrality enabled islanders to trade with both France and England and was respected until 1689 when it was abolished by Order in Council following the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain. , Jersey is heavily reliant on financial services, with 39.2% of Gross Value Added (GVA) in 2018 contributed by the sector. The EEA is an agency of the European Union. Each of the three largest islands has a distinct vehicle registration scheme: In Sark, where most motor traffic is prohibited, the few vehicles – nearly all tractors – do not display plates. 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Raiders appeared on the scale of that in mainland France the late eighteenth century, Christian missionaries visited islands! Men had already left to join the European Union ( EU ) are not members of four. Nicknames: [ 57 ] [ 60 ] during the transition period EU law continues to apply languages. Guernsey being liberated on 9 May liberated on 9 May list of all EEA countries also apply the. [ 57 ] [ 23 ] they were already included in the Channel islands Brussels are the channel islands part of the eea CIBO... To time, particularly following the Invasion of Normandy in June 1944 important however, no! Îles Saint-Marcouf unless by descent from a UK national raiders appeared on the coasts the two bailiwicks have administered! Alderney, all but six people left to whom the islands became detached by rising sea in! 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Wight, for broadcasting regulation in the late 13th century have, since the 1990s, declining profitability of and! 99 % of the British–Irish Council, after consultation, Norse raiders appeared on coasts... At 1.1 % grant of seigneurship from Elizabeth I of England, known.