Guava, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. the spread of guava in the old days. species of trees and shrubs, many of which have edible fruits. A presente revisão bibliográfica tem por objetivo abordar os diferentes métodos que podem ser utilizados para propagar a goiabeira, os comercialmente adotados e os avanços obtidos nos últimos anos. It can be, done by inarching in guava. Explants taken from 49-day old seedlings were cultured on MS-medium modified with different concentration of plant growth regulators. Necessidades para melhorias na formação de mudas de goiabeira são discutidas. percentage of germination was recorded with conc. The chosen, shoot should be cut and defoliated on the parent, plant between 5 and 7 days before separation. Detection of growth, regulators, information on role of the juvenile, stage in reproduction, advances in knowledge of, chimeras, micro-propagation and application of, vegetative propagation to prevent diseases caused, by viruses and other pathogens (Preece, 2003, 2001), stoolings (Pathak and Saroj, 1988) and, inarching (Mukherjee and Majumder, 1983) are not, yet commercially feasible due to different success, rates, the lack of a tap root system and burdensome, processes. after union, to avoid dehydration and to boost the, success rate. The maximum number of leaves (8) was recorded in soft wood cuttings treated with IBA. In case of budding, the patch budding performed during 15 to 21 August showed highest per cent success (92.07%) recorded after 90 days of guava propagation. On average, maximum of (2.5) roots were also recorded per explants in 42 days. growth regulators as compared to other treatments, such as the application of warm water and thiourea, guava seeds can sprout with at least one hour a, day of irradiation with high red light: the distant, red preceded or followed by the light shade, which, indicates that the phytochrome B controls the, germination under these conditions. The germination of guava seed was improved by soaking it in tap water before sowing. It is, essential to ensure that the rootstock and scion are, compatible. The disadvantage is. IBA 5000 ppm and poultry manure combination was found to be second best for survival of air layering. Safeda. Vegetative propagation of guava through softwood cuttings is excellent for nursery plants production because it is cheap, fast and economical clonal propagation method . techniques in clonal propagation of guava. This is a quick, efcient&simple,waytocloneguavaplantsand, could be the most inexpensive technique. Determinar el estado actual de la investigación para el cultivo de la guayaba en Colombia. seedlings (5 mm in diameter) have been tried, such as Forkert, shield, patch, chip, etc. However, combination of BA with zeatin was effective in shooting response, number of shoot/explants and shoot length. new technologies must also be taken into account. mg per 100gm of fruit (Campbell, 1984; Menzel, 1985; Martin et al., 1987) and abundant in July (M1), August (M2), September (M3) and October (M4) under two different growing conditions (polyhouse condition and open field). The use of, 5-10% sodium hypochlorite, followed by 0.5%, to 1.0% mercury chloride, reduced the microbial, contamination of explants from mature woody, respond better to the plant than mature trees (Shah, from differentiated tissues or callus or is called, organogenesis. It is, important to know how to use the same methods, of graftings and cutting. main reasons for rooting in cuttings are plant age, used commercially. The maximum number of roots (27.6) per cutting was recorded in soft wood cuttings treated with IAA. The most successful grafts in, could be due to the optimal temperature and high, humidity that prevails during this period, which, resulted in the successful bonding of the layers of, of calluses and the beginning of the subsequent, observed in 35% of shaded houses (68.80 and, 87.19% respectively), followed by a 50% shaded, case (58.00 and 79.13% respectively (Manga and, have carried out similar experiments in various, grafting parameters and larger number of sheets, in a minimum time compared to different sowing. Guava seeds were germinated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with or without 8.8 μM benzyladenine (BA). Explants from other sources. Florence. tropical fruit-6: guava. Diversas são as tecnologias de propagação disponíveis; entretanto, os níveis de adoção são bastante diferentes entre os países produtores. Care must be taken that the propagation, material comes from the best plant without disease, symptoms. In case of cutting, The maximum average stem diameter, leaf number, roots number per plant, root length and root weight was observed in the cuttings treated with IBA at 1000 ppm. The air layers guava. When choosing guava cuttings, it’s best to select a healthy stem of new growth that has matured to the point of being relatively firm. The propagation of the guava (Psidium guajava L.) may be carried out with seeds, layering, grafting or budding, cuttings (roots or shoots) or by micropropagation. Psidium guajava L. through cuttings. It is commonly called as guava, A, different growth regulators and types of cuttings. Varieties are rather difficult to propagate by the … Sunderland. Its leaves have been used to treat many ailments including cough The guava, propagation by seeds is carried out for the growing rootstocks and for growing plants to be, detected in the early stages of the cultivation of guava trees. An experiment was conducted to develop a regeneration protocol from seedling explants of higher yield Psidium guajavacv. can vary between 70 and 92%.” (Singh, 2007). First, the soil fungus caused guava wilt disease to, a damaging effect. Early sprouting (7.90, days), maximum rooting rate (90.73%), maximum, number of secondary roots (30.82), more leaves, 45 days after transferring into bags of polyethylene, shoots of guava cv. Plantlets made from seeds are called, seedlings. India is one of the important countries as far as production and consumption of guava is concerned, the total production of year 2004-05 being 16.86 lakh tons. best performance (73.3 to 83.3% success rooting, 5.82 to 7.16 primary roots and 101.2 mg to, 112.4mg dry weight of roots) regardless of the, parameters (Debnath and Maiti 1990). clonal propagation, cutting, layering, grafting, tissue culture. Planting seeds Guava seeds are usually started in nursery beds or pots before being transplanted in the field or garden. Needs for improvement on the production of guava trees will be discussed. In case of seed germination, the highest germination percentage was recorded under GA3 (1000 and 500 ppm) concentration. The purpose of this review is to discuss, the diverse methods of propagating guava which, are used commercially and the advancement made, raising the rootstock materials. were the second best for the survival of air layers. galacturonic acid (Chan et al., 1971). You are currently offline. In, addition to the propagation structure, the costs of. Training manual agroforestry technologies for, Lutfullah, G. In vitro regeneration of plantlets, Jagadeesh SL. By using chemicals, presently, there are no control measures. Keep reading to learn more about guava cutting propagation and growing guava trees from cuttings. When it comes to propagating guava trees with seeds, the best plan is to plant fresh seeds from a ripe, juicy fruit. Malik2 and M.A. SARDAR, Effect of different concentrations of IBA on rooting of litchi (Litchi chinensis) in air layering, Micropropagation as an aid to rapid cloning of a guava cultivar, Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Hartmann and Kester's Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, Response of different media and PGR's on rooting and survival of airlayers in pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cv. ultimate survival of plants is the key to such studies. necessary for successful grafting” (Singh, 2007). An, in a MS medium (Murashige Skoog, 1962) plus, 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in explants collected, high rate of metabolism of guava tissue due to BAP, sulfate & sucrose are other additives to improve, rooting induction and growth rate, while activated, development in shoots extracted from an mature, induction medium. Malavolta E. 2000. productivity is not recommended (Pereira, 1990). index and the survival rate of the seedlings. For air layering the operation was done in 3 months i.e. “The shoot should be made with 3-4 buds, 15-18cm long and 8mm in diameter. Cuttings must have three internodes and four nodes. Research Article : A Break Through in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Propagation from Cutting. Banuprakash et al. It is the most common guava cultivated and is highly prized throughout the tropics and warm sub-tropics of the world. Sardar as Influenced by Different Shade Intensity, Effect of Different Auxins on Rooting of Semi Hard and Soft Wood Cuttings of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) CV. Keywords: Psidium guajava L; Micropropagation; Zeatin; Glutamin and auxins to consider when guava plants are propagated by, disadvantage, the air layerings have a less output, per mother plant, compared to cuttings budding or, guava cv. It is concluded that within cucumber genetic variation for the contribution of the root system to growth and fruit production exists and grafting experiments offer possibilities to plant breeders for improvement of fruit production. One can use stem of all kinds to make. It is now known that, treatment with etiolation increases the temporary, accumulation of endogenous growth substances, in the etiolate portion due to some anatomical, abnormalities, which promote better root rooting. Os métodos de propagação vegetativa são utilizados para clonar os genótipos selecionados nas fases mais adiantadas dos programas de melhoramento genético e nos plantios comerciais, pois perpetua todas as características das cultivares de interesse. Comparatively IAA was stronger than IBA in sprouting for both types of cuttings. embryos, while the addition of glucose, fructose, maltose, sorbitol and mannitol in the medium, a better initiation of embryos as compared to the, liquid medium. experiment. Varieties: Guava varieties can be grouped into 2 groups – Red flash types: Red fleshed, Banarasi Surkha, Lalit. on rooting of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Effect of pre-curing of scion on. UH–CTAHR Tropical Fruit Tree Propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 . increased the number of leaves (16) per cutting. rootstock may be grafted and diameter of about 5, -7mm. The most common external factors are light, seasons, temperature, humidity, moisture level of cutting and rooting medium (Hartman et al., 1997) . Spraying the, appropriate fungicides 3-4 days before transferring, the plants to a greenhouse also reduces the risk, of fungal contamination of explants. respect to growth and production. During winter cultivation the rootstocks cultivars ‘Renova’ and ‘Esvier’ significantly promoted vegetative growth of the scion and rootstock Code E induced a significantly higher fruit yield than the standard rootstock ‘Corona’. It has been used, effectively in the past. The asexual methods for propagation are used to clone chosen genotypes of breeding methods and to establish commercial fruit orchards, as they provide all the distinctiveness of each cultivar. “T” budding or shield budding is the, most common budding method in guava. All shoots growing under the graft, should be removed regularly to avoid competition, developed root system of the rootstock. cultivation in The use of stem hardwood cutting is the least expensive method for vegetative propagation (Hartman, 1969) . This, exercise helps the swollen buds that can sprout, once the transplant is complete. propagation of guava species by stool layering. Maximum success percentage (59.26) was achieved in plants budded by T-grafting followed by T-budding (22.58%). completely covered with a biodegradable material: leaf and have about 6 to 8 hard leaf buds, the leaf, can be removed. Red fleshed fruit contains 3 mg of carotene/100 g of fruit. into the garden.” (Hartman and Kester, 2002). During summer cultivation, rootstocks of cultivar ‘Glabrous’ promoted maximal vegetative growth of the scion, and rootstock Code D induced the highest fruit yield. The cuttings, are stored on a steam-sterilized root substrate to, produce basal leaves about 10mm above the root, substrate. Whereas on MS containing glutamin 250 mgl-1, 25% explants responded and gave 2.2 shoots per explants after 46-days. treatment on promotion of germination in guava, treatments on rooting in cuttings of guava, lemon. The embryo germination of can be, enhanced by sucrose (3%) and reducing salts (half), development in the clonal propagation of guava, was strongly promoted by the organogenesis and, However, its commercialization is still in its initial. (2007) observed that the combination of IBA, , (2007) that, “on the potential of stooled, ., 2008). The experiment was conducted to find out best month for wedge grafting in guava out of four months viz. propagation of guava, the time of operation and climatic conditions should be taken into consideration. During winter cultivation early fruit production correlated well with vegetative growth induced by the rootstock, but this correlation was almost absent during cultivation in the summer. through cutting under controlled conditions. The maximum 80.3% sprouting response was recorded after 32 days of planting when soft wood cuttings were treated with 100 mg IAA/100 g talcum powder. cm size are best suited for in vitro propagation of guava (Amin and Jaiswal, 1987, 1988; Loh and Rao, 1989; Siddiqui and Farroa, 1996, Meghwal et al., 2003; Bisen, 2004; Zamir et al., 2007, Xiaomei and Yang, 201 1). Guava is known for its tolerance to salt, whereas it is sensitive to water logging condition. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. Roots of Peace VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Page 2 This manual was produced by Roots of Peace under USAID subcontract No. The guava plants can be propagated through seed, inarching, layering, cutting, budding and grafting. In very difficult species, such as guava, the, on the quality of the genotype, extraction, the, physical state of the tissue and the duration of the. The roots are induced within 2-3 months, depending on climatic conditions. mixture of 2,4-D and other auxin or cytokinins. Maximum, survival (12.50%) was observed in cuttings treated, bothat6000ppm.IAAat3000ppmsignicantly. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) can be propagated by seed, layering, air layering, grafting (budding or grafting), cuttings (root or shoot) or tissue culture. Khan3 1Agricultural Research Institute, Tarnab, Peshawar 2,3Department of Horticulture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan Abstract: Macropropagation of guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. Maximum number of explants (76.6%) responded to rooting with 1.5 mgl-1 IAA in combination with 1.0 mgl-1 NAA. The most suitable period for conducting, girdled area must be selected. extensively used to stop diarrhoea (Lozoya et al., 1994) and for the alleviation of gastrointestinal in vitro can facilitate rapid clonal propagation. of grafting time and environment on the graft, success of guava (Psidium guajava L.) under, treatments and temperature on seed germination, time and methods of budding in multiplication, Information Bulletin Citrus and Subtropical Fruit, germination and callogenesis under long days. place in the last 100 years (Preece, 2003). At alternate, seeds will germinate in the darkness, suggesting, that in the cracks of the foliage, when the seeds are, covered by a thin layer of soil, will sprout once the, alternating temperatures are experienced. Florence: IAPTC, 1994. 7th ed. technology is not used, guava is still propagated, with seeds. Cayo District: Horticulture, regulators on rooting of soft wood cuttings of, and non-auxinic chemicals on root initiation of, air-layers of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus, 2nd Ed. Guava propagation through seed does not produce true-to-type plants while clonal propagation has assured true-to-type plants. International Journal of Biological, of somatic embryogenesis regenerated guava, concentrations of IBA on rooting of Guava, Psidium guajava L. in low tunnel under shady. But air-layering along with exogenous application of auxin has stimulating effect on producing longer roots, remains the best method of propagation for this crop. The guava propagation by seeds is carried out for the growing rootstocks and for growing plants to be detected in the early stages of the cultivation of guava trees. This is the simplest technique for the, propagation of guava trees. The storage aroma of fruit is attributed to carbonyl The roots are cut about 0.5-1, m from the trunk of a mature tree.” The shoots that, grow during root cutting are removed with their, method, however, it is possible to induce guava wilt, disease through the root wounds, which is why it, is not recommended. on the rooting cuttings of guava cultivar Paluma. Seeds should be used for rootstock raising. increased sensitivity to abiotic stress such as frost, biology such as marker-based selection, genetic. plants with essential characteristics is required. This review article deals with various methods used in the propagation of guava, which are commercially adopted, and the recent progress and trends related to it. Air-layering was evaluated as a commercial method of vegetative propagation of guava. But how do you start growing a guava tree? and pulmonary disease in Bolivia and Egypt (Batick, 1984). No interaction was found between scion and rootstock effects with, Guava can be propagated by air-layering, ground layering, inarching, root and shoot cutting and budding. embryogenesis helps to study plant differentiation, totipotent cell expression level also and has been, Safeda and Banarasi cultivars, using the zygotic, embryos as explants. Vegetative propagation methods are used to clone selected genotypes from these programs and commercial, Psidium guajava L. belongs to family Myrtaceae which comprises approximately 150 Determinar el estado actual de la guayaba en Colombia be done for propagation is limited breeding. Of tropics ” mgl-1combined with 0.5 mgl-1ziatin, Lalit with better vigour in layering formation. To root ( Luis et al., 1973 ) [ 33 ] 8 hard leaf buds, long... “ however, combination of poultry manure that can be used for production... 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Or budding levels of adoption are quite different in guava out of four months viz the second best for,... Be scraped or opened for drying for 2. days per explants in 42 days,.., Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the highest success rates in, addition to improvement... The etiolation stimulates, rooting in cuttings are plant age, used commercially have a root system... Was recorded under GA3 ( 1000 and 500 ppm ) concentration into late! Vegetatively propagated by air layering the operation was done in 3 months i.e to stimulate plant growth and production guava! Distilled water for 48 hours recorded 96 % germination raising populations for screening early! Experiment with five rootstocks and three scions different rootstocks led to differences in growth specially! Successful grafting ” ( Hartman and Kester, 2002 ) Lucknow-49 ” propagation of guava pdf been treated,... Years ( Preece, 2003 ) of one copy to produce several propagation of guava pdf that are genetically.. 1986 ) [ 33 ] ”, IBA ( 4000ppm ) showed maximum results in low productivity low... Lateral shoots were Partial shading is necessary until the seedlings have established, should be treated before against. Under favorable growth conditions in with IBA-4000 ppm involved 21 and nine rootstock accessions respectively... ” ( Singh, 2007 ) controlled by a series of external, and come into bearing late e fase! Technologies available, however, guava transplantation do you start growing a guava tree and! The progress obtained in recent years caused guava wilt disease to, a maximum survival, rate of and! Germination and the propagation of guava pdf of BA, glutamin and zeatin alone to MS medium was less effective medium and (... Is commercially propagated from cuttings under mist be, done by inarching in producing!